::Departments : Super Specialities : Cardio Thoracic Surgery
Department of Cardio Thoracic Surgery
 
The impetus given for Cardio Thoracic Surgery by Late Padmashri Dr.C.S.Sadasivan, was instrumental in starting the Cardio Thoracic Surgery department in Madurai in the year 1965. In Tamilnadu after Madras Medical College, the second Cardio Thoracic Surgery Unit was established at Madurai.

Dr.V.Srinivasan, B.Sc., M.S. (Thoracic) under the able stewardship of Dr.C.K.P.Menon, the then Dean, was the founder Professor, organized the department ona firm footing. The staff pattern was one Professor and two tutors for 46 beds sanctioned.
 
The department was headed by the following Professors

 
Dr.B.Gowrisankar, B.Sc., M.S., M.S., ( Thoracic)
Dr.P.Andappan , M.S., M.Ch., F.C.C.P.
Dr.S.Rajaram, M.S., M.Ch.
Dr.S.Rajendran, M.S., M.Ch.
Dr.J.Revi Kamalasekar, M.S., M.Ch.
Dr.C.Subramaniam, M.S., M.Ch.

 
At present the Head of the Department is Dr.R.Raghunathan, M.S., M.Ch.
 
STAFF PATTERN
The staff position increased with an Additional Tutor in 1970 and ancillary staff in 1976.
 
CLINICAL SERVICE          
Regular O.P. services in the forenoon on three days a week and daily attendance on more ill referral problems in the various departments of Rajaji Hospital gives us opportunity to evaluate in detail and treat as many as 150 new patients every week.

Initially the department was carrying out the Closed Heart Surgeries and other Thoracic Surgeries. Gradually the programme of Open Heart Surgery started in the year 1984 with the sanction of one Additional Professor and two more Assistant Professors. From the day of inception of Open Heart Surgical Programmes , the quantum of work in Open Heart Surgery is gradually increasing up to date. To start with Congenital Heat Disease like Atrial Septal Defect, Ventricular Septal Defect, etc., and Valvular Heart Diseases like Mitral Regurgitation and Aortic Regurgitation dealt with Valve Replacements are being done on a regular basis.

From the year 1997, we started the programme of Coronary Bypass Surgery and we are now doing regulary coronary intervention surgical procedures and we are in a position to deal with all types of conduits in the coronary bypass surgery. We are making use of saphenous veins, radial arteries and internal mammary arteries, both in on pump and off pump bypass surgeries. Our department activity is extended to other departments which are in need of our help to deal with the surgical procedures conducted  in other theatres like Trauma Ward and Ortho department etc.,

From the year 2001, Post-graduate programme was started and every year two candidates are admitted. Till date, 9 batches of post graduates have qualified through the Tamilnadu Dr.MGR Medical University examinations and most of them are heading the department in various Medical Colleges across Tamilnadu.

Post graduates of all surgical specialities have regular clinical sessions along with our post graduates.
From the date of commencement of open heart surgery, the quantum of open heart surgery is increasing and till date the steady increase which is evident from the following.

With the large inexhaustible fertile clinical material offered  to us by all the departments, active academic session in the form of conferences, clinical meetings, etc., and excellent cooperation and encouragement from all physicians and surgeons, Cardiothoracic surgery unit offers an exciting and challenging scope for those ready to be active and alive in medical service
 
 
YEAR OPEN HEART SURGERIES VALVE REPLACEMENT CLOSED HEART/THORACIC MINOR
1965 = - 15 16
1966 = - 82 38
1967 = - 86 57
1968 = - 97 34
1969 = - 102 39
1970 = - 219 153
1971 = - 167 169
1972 = - 199 340
1973 = - 153 746
1974 = - 109 803
1975 = - 115 313
1976 = - 152 249
1977 = - 206 325
1978 = - 298 351
1979 = - 176 232
1980 = - 181 177
1981 = - 232 186
1982 = - 243 283
1983 = - 262 163
1984 23 - 158 240
1985 39 - 140 197
1986 46 6 175 295
1987 58 1 259 193
1988 61 3 253 210
1989 30 1 213 177
1990 25 - 126 70
1991 66 3 287 232
1992 65 5 289 254
1993 63 6 309 258
1994 64 4 308 275
 

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